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Muthuswami Dikshitar

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Muthuswami Dikshita (24 March 1775 – 21 October 1835), was a South Indian poet, singer and Veena player, and a legendary composer of Indian classical music, who is considered one of the musical trinity of Carnatic music. His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their elaborate and poetic descriptions of Hindu gods and temples and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika (veena) style that emphasises gamakas. They are typically in a slower speed (chowka kala). He is also known by his signature name of Guruguha which is also his mudra (and can be found in each of his songs). His compositions are widely sung and played in classical concerts of Carnatic music. The musical trinity consists of Dikshitar, Tyagaraja (1767–1847), and Syama Sastri (1762–1827). However, unlike the Telugu compositions of the others, his compositions are predominantly in Sanskrit. He also composed some of his Kritis in Manipravalam (a combination of Sanskrit,Telugu and Tamil language). Muthuswami Dikshitar was born on 24 March 1775 in Tiruvarur near Thanjavur in what is now the state of Tamil Nadu in India. He was the eldest son of the composer, Ramaswami Dikshitar who instructed in a number of subjects including the vedas, poetry, music, and astrology. Muthuswami had two brothers, Chinnaswami (Cinnasvāmi) and Balaswami (Bālāsvāmi),[b] and a sister, Balāmba. Compositions : Maha Ganapati Krithis : Deekshitar composed 26 songs in temples of Lord Ganesha in around Tiruvarur. Eka Dantam Bhajeham - Bilahari Gajadhishadanyam Na janeham - Nata Kuranji Gajanana Yutam Ganeshwaram - Vega Vahini (Cakravakam) Ganapate Mahamate - Kalyani Ganarajena Samrakshitoham - Arabhi Ganesha Kumara Pahi mam - Janjhuti or Sencurati Hasti-vadanaya Namastubhyam - Navaroj Kari-kalabha Mukham - Saveri Lambodaraya Namaste - Varali Maha-ganapate Palayashumam - Nata Narayani Maha Ganapatim Manasa Smarami - Nata Maha-ganapatim Vande -Thodi Shri Muladhara Chakra Vinayaka - Sri Pancha Matanga Mukha Ganapatina - Malahari Rakta Ganapatim Bhajeham - Mohana Siddhi Vinayakam Anisham - Shanmukhapriya Shri Gananatham Bhaja re - Isa Manohari Shri Ganeshat Param Nahi re - Ardra Desi Shri Maha-ganapati aavatu Mam - Gaula Shweta Ganapatim - Chudamani Uchhishta Ganapatau Bhaktim Krtva - Kashi Rama Kriya Vallabha Nayakasya Bhaktau Bhavami - Begada Vatapi Ganapatim - Hamsadhvani Vinayaka Vighna Nashaka - Vega Vahini (Chakravakam) Guruguha (Subramanya) Krithis : Guruguha Vibhakti Krithis These are the Guruguha Vibhakti Kritis - 1-prathama Shri Nathadi Guruguho Jayati Jayati - Maya Malava Gowla 2-dwitiya Manasa Guruguha Rupam Bhajare - Ananda Bhairavi 3-trtiya Sri Guruna Palitosmi - Padi 4-chaturthi Guruguhaya Bhaktanugrahaya - Sama 5-panchami Guruguhadanyam Najaneham - Bala Hamsa 6-shashti Sri Guruguhasya Dasoham - Purvi 7-saptami Sri Guruguha Swamini Bhaktim Karomi - Bhanumati Sambodhana Sri Guruguha Murtte Chit shakti Sphurtte - Udaya Ravi Chandrika Sambodhana Shri Guruguha Tarayashu Mam - Deva Kriya (Suddha Saveri) Other Krithis on Guruguha : Bala-Subrahmanyam Bhajeham - Surati Dandayudha-Panim Dandita Daitya Srenim - Ananda Bhairavi Gajamba-nayako Rakshatu! - Janjhuti Ganapati-sodaram Guruguham Bhajeham - Arabhi Kumara Swaminam Guruguham Namami - Asaveri Para Shivatmajam Namami Satatam - Yamuna Kalyani Parvati Kumaram Bhavaye - Nata Kuranji Purahara Nandana Ripu Kula Bhanjana - Hamir Kalyani Purahara Nandana Ripu Kula Bhanjana - Hamir Kalyani Sadhujana Vinutam Guruguham - Gita-priya Saurasenesham Vallisham Subrahmanyam Bhajeham - Saura Sena Sharavanabhava Guruguham Shanmukham Bhajeham - Revagupti Senapate Palaya Mam - Kasi Rama Kriya Shadanane Sakalam Arpayami - Khamas Shri Bala Subrahmanyagaccha - Bilahari Shri Subrahmanyaya Namaste - Kambhoji Shri Subrahmanyo Mam Rakshatu - Todi Shri Swaminathaya Namaste -Kamas or khamaj Shri Vallipate Pahimam - Naga Swaravali Shrngara Shaktyayudha Dhara Sharavanasya Dasoham - Rama Manohari Subrahmanyena Rakshitoham - Suddha Dhanyasi Swaminatha Paripalayasumam - Nata Swaminathena Samrakshitoham - Brndavani Saranga Devi Kritis : Kamalamba Navavarna Kritis - Kamalambike Ashrita Kalpa Latike - Todi Kamalamba Samrakshatu Mam - Anandabhairavi Kamalambam Bhaja Re - Kalyani Sri Kamalambikaya Katakshitoham - Sankarabharanam Kamalambikayai Kanakamsukayai - Kambhoji Sri Kamalambikayah Param Nahi Re - Bhairavi Kamalambikayastava Bhaktoham - Punnagavarali Sri Kamalambikayam Bhaktim Karomi - Sahana Sri Kamalambike Avava - Ghanta Sri Kamalamba Jayati - Ahiri Sri Kamalambike Sive Pahi - Sri Nilotpalamba Vibhakti Krithis - 1-Prathama - Nilotpalamba Jayati - Narayana Goula 2-Dwitiya - Nilotpalambam Bhajare - Nari Riti Goula 3-Trtiya - Nilotpalambikaya Nirvana Sukhapradaya - Kannada Goula 4-Chaturdhi - Nilotpalambikayai Namaste - Kedara Goula 5-Panchami - Nilotpalambikayah Param Nahi Re - Goula 6-Shashti - Nilotpalambikayah Tava Dasoham - Maya Malava Goula 7-Saptami - Nilotpalambikayam Bhaktim Karomi - Purva Goula Sambodhana - Nilotpalambike Nitya Suddhatmike - Chaya Goula Sambodhana - Sri Nilotpala Nayike - Riti Goula Mayuram - Abhayamba Navavarana Krithis - 1-prathama Abhayamba Jagadamba - Kalyani 2-dwitiya Aryam Abhayambam Bhajare - Bhairavi 3-tritiya Girijaya Ajaya Abhayambikaya - Sankarabharanam 4-chaturdhi Abhayambikayai Aswarudhayai - Kambhoji 5-panchami Abhayambikaya Anyam Najane - Kedara Gowla 6-shashti Ambikayah Abhayambikayah Tava Dasoham - Kedaram 7-saptami Abhayambam Bhaktim Karomi - Sahana Sambodhana Dakshayani Abhayambike - Todi Sambodhana Sadasraye Abhayambike - Chamaram (Shanmukha Priya) Kanchi - Kamakshi Devi Krithis - Avyajya Karuna Katakshi Anisham Mamava Kamakshi - Salanga Nata Ekamresha Nayike Shive Shri Kamakshi Pahimam - Karnataka Shuddha Saveri Ekamreswara Nayakim Iswarim - Chamaram Kamakoti Pitha Vasini Saugandhini - Sugandhini Kamakshi Kamakoti Pitha Vasini Mamava - Suma Dyuti Kamakshi Mam Pahi Karunakari Shankari - Gamaka Kriya Kamakshi Mam Pahi Karunanidhe Shive - Suddha Desi Kamakshi Vara Lakshmi Kamalakshi Jaya Lakshmi - Bilahari Kamakshim Kalyanim Bhajeham - Kalyani Kanakambari Karunyamrta Lahari Kamakshi Mamava Kameshwari - Kanakambari (Kanakangi) Kanja Dalayatakshi Kamakshi - Kamala Manohari Namaste Para Devate Siva Yuvate Kamakshi - Deva Ranji Nirajakshi Kamakshi Nirada Chikure - Hindola Saraswati Manohari Sankari - Saraswati Manohari Srngara Rasamanjarim Sri Kamakshim Gourim - Rasa Manjari Madhura - Madhuramba Vibhakti Krithis - Deekshitar visited Madhura for some time and composed two groups of krithis: Madhuramba Vibhakti kritis and Minakshi Devi krithis. Sambodhana Sri Madhurambike Sri Sive Avava - Kalyani Sambodhana Sri Madhurapura Viharini - Bilahari Sambodhana Madhuramba Samrakshatu Mam - Deva Kriya 1-prathama - Madhuramba Jayati Marakatangi Jayati - Pharaju 2-dwitiya - Madhurambambam Bhajare Re Manasa - Stavaraja 3-tritiya - Sri Madhurambikaya Samrakshitoham - Athana 6-shashti - Madhurambayah Tava Dasoham - Begada 7-saptami - Madhurambikayam Sada Bhaktim Karomi - Desi Simharavam Madhura - Meenakshi Devi Krithis - Mamava Minakshi Raja Matangi - Dhali Varali Minakshi Me Mudam Dehi - Gamaka Kriya Mamava Minakshi Raja Matangi - Dhali Varali Sri Minakshi Gouri Raja Syamale - Gouri Sri Minambikayah Param Nahire Re Chitta - Deva Gandharam Syamalangi Matangi Namaste - Syamala Kumbhakonam - Mangalamba Krithis - Sri Mangalambikam Chidgagana Chandrikam - Ghanta Navagraha Kritis The kritis on the nine grahas of Jyotisha Shastra composed by Muthuswami Dikshitar are: 1 Surya Murte Sundara Chayadhipate - Sourastra 2 Candram Bhaja Manasa - Asaveri 3 Angarakamasryamyaham - Surati 4 Budhamasryami Satatam - Nata Kuranji 5 Brhaspate Tarapate - Atana 6 Sri Sukra Bhagavantam - Pharazu 7 Divakara Tanujam - Yadukula Kambhoji 8 Smaramyaham Sada Rahum - Rama Manohari (Ramapriya) 9 Mahasuram Ketumakam - Camaram (Shanmukhapriya) Shiva kritis - Pancha Bhoota Sthala Linga Kritis, These are the 5 songs in praise of Lord Siva. 1 Ananda Natana Prakasham - Kedaram 2 Sri Kalahastisha - Huseni 3 Arunacala Natham - Saranga 4 Cintaya Makanda Mulakandam - Bhairavi 5 Jambu Pate - Yamuna Kalyani Tiruvarur - Panchalinga Kritis - 1 Sadachaleshwaram Bhavayeham - Bhupalam 2 Hatakeshwara Samraksha Mam - Bilahari 3 Shri Valmika Lingam Chintaye Shivardhangam - Kambhoji 4 Anandeshwarena Samrakshitoham - Ananda Bhairavi 5 Siddishwaraya Namaste - Nilambari Tiruvarur - Thyagaraja Vibhakti Krithis Muthuswami Dikshitar composed 13 compositions in 8 Vibhaktis in praise of Sri Thyagarajeswara at Tiruvayur. 1-Pratama - Tyagarajo Virajite - Athana 2-Dwitiya - Tyagarajam Bhajare - Yadukula Kambhoji 2-Dwitiya - Tyagarajam Bhajeham Satatam - Nilambari 2-Dwitiya - Tyagaraja Mahadhwajaroha - Sri 3-Trtiya - Tyagarajena Samrakshitoham - Salaga Bhairavi 4-Chaturdhi - Tyagarajaya Namaste - Begada 5-Panchami - Tyagaradanyam Njane - Darbar 6-Shasti - Sri Tyagarasya Bhaktou Bhavami - Rudra Priya 6-Shasti - Tyagaraja Yoga Vaibhavam - Ananda Bhairavi 7-Saptami - Tyagaraje Krtyakrtyamarpayami - Saranga Sambodhana - Vira Vasanta Tyagara - Vira Vasanta Sambodhana - Tyagaraja Palayasu Mam - Goula Mayuram - Mayuranatha Swami Krithis - Abhayamba Nayaka Hari Sayaka - Ananda Bhairavi Abhayamba Nayaka Vara Dayaka - Kedara Gowla Gourisaya Namaste - Arabhi Mayuranadham Anisam Bhajami - Dhanyasi Kanchi - Ekamranatheswra Krithis - Deekshitar lived in Kanchi for a few years. During that time, he composed three krithis on Ekamreswara, several krithis on Kamakshi and a couple on Varadaraja Swami of Vishnu Kanchi. Ekamranatham Bhajeham - Purvi Kalyani Ekamranathaya Namaste - Vira Vasanta Ekamrananatheswarena Samrakshitoham - Chaturangini Tanjavur - Brihadeeswara Krithis - Brhadisa Katakshena Pranino Jivanti - Jivantika Brhadiswaram Bhajre Re Chitta - Naga Dhwani Brhadiswaraya Namaste - Sankarabharanam Brhadiswaro Rakshtu Mam - Gana Sama Varali Nabhomani Chandragni Nayanam - Nabhomani Nagabharanam Nagajabharanam Namami - Nagabharanam Palaya Mam Brhadiswara Palita Bhuvaneswara - Nayaki Stava Rajadi Nuta Brhadisa Tarayasu Mam - Stava Raja Tanjavur - Brihadeeswari Devi Krithis - Bhogacchhaya Nataka Priye Bhogacchhaya - Nata Bhushavatim Manju Bhashavatim Bjajeham - Bhushavati Brhadamba Madamba Jayati - Bhanumati Brhadambikayai Namaste Namaste - Vasanta Brhadiswarim Bhajare Re Chitta - Lalita Brhannayaki Varadayaki - Andhali Palaya Mam Brhadiswari Bhakta Janavani Sankari - Todi Himagiri Kumari Iswari - Ravi Kriya Pamara Jana Palini Pahi Brhannayaki - Suma Dyuti Saindhavi Raga Priye - Saindhavi Santana Manjari Sankari Satatam Pat Umam - Santana Manjari Satchidanandamaya Vijrmbhinim Smaramyaham - Kumbhini Srngaradi Nava Rasangi Brhadamba - Dhavalangi Chidambaram - Nataraja Kritis - Chidambara Nataraja Murtim - Tanu Kirti Chidambara Natarajam Asrayami - Kedaram Chidambareswaram Chintayami - Bhinna Shadjam Kanaka Sabhapatim Bhajare Manasa - Malava Sri Sivakama Patim Chintayamyaham - Nata Kuranji Sivakameswaram Chintayamyaham - Arabhi Chidambaram - Siva Kameswari Kritis - Sivakameswarim Chintayeham - Kalyani Chidambaram - Govinda Rajeswara Kritis - Govinda Rajam Upasmahe Nityam - Mukhari Govinda Rajaya Namaste - Surati Govinda Rajena Rakshitoham - Mecha Bouli Kasi - Visweswara / Kala Bhairava Kritis - Kala Bhairavam Bhajeham Anisam - Bhairavam Kasi Visweswara Ehi Mam Pahi - Kambhoji Sri Viswanatham Bhajeham Chaturdasa - Raga Malika Viswanathena Rakshitoham - Samanta Visweswaro Rakshtu Mam - Kanada Viswanatham Bhajeham Satatam - Natabharanam Kasi - Visalakshi / Annapurna Devi Kritis - Annapurne Visalakshi - Sama Ehi Annapurne Sannidhehi - Punnaga Varali Kasi Visalakshim Bhajeham - Gamaka Kriya Visalaksim Viswesim Bhajare - Kasi Rama Kriya Sri Vaidyanatha / Balambika Krithis - Balambikaya Katakshitoham - Sri Ranjani Balambikayah Param Nahi Re - Kanada Balambikayai Namaste - Nata Kuranji Balambike Pahi Bhadram Dehi - Mano Ranjani Bhajare Re Chitta Balambikam - Santa Kalyani Sri Vaidyanatham Bhajami - Athana Sri Rama Chandra Krithis - Sri Rama Chandra Vibhakti Krithis 1-prathama - Sri Rama Chandro Rakshtu Mam - Sri Ranjani 2-dwitiya - Rama Chandram Bhavayami - Vasanta 3-trtiya - Rama Chandrena Samrakshitoham - Manji 4-chaturthhi - Rama Chandraya Namaste - Todi 5-panchami - Rama Chandradanyam Najaneham - Kalyani 6-shasthi - Rama Chandrasya Dasoham - Namavati 7-saptami - Rame Bharata Palita Rajyamarpayami - Jyoti Sambodhana - Rama Rama Kali Kalusha Virama - Ram Kali Other Krithis on Sri Rama - Kodanda Ramam Anisam Bhajami - Kokila Mamava Pattabhirama - Mani Rangu Mamava Raghu Vira Martyavatara - Mahuri Santana Rama Swaminam - Hindola Vasanta Sri Ramam Ravi Kulabdi Somam - Narayana Gowla Anjaneya Krithis - Pavanatmajagacchha Paripurna Swacchha - Nata Pavanatmajam Bhajare - Sankarabharanam Rama Chandra Bhaktam Bhaja Manasa - Geya Hejjajji Vira Hanumate Namo Namo - Kanada Sri Venkateswara Krithis - Prasanna Venkateswaram Bhajare - Vati Vasanta Bhairavi Sankha Chakra Gada Panim Aham Vande - Purna Chandrika Seshachala Nayakam Bhajami - Varali Sri Venkata Girisam Alokaye - Surati Sri Venkatesam Bhajami Satatam - Kalyana Vasanta Venkatachalapate Ninu Nammiti - Kapi Sri Rangam Pancharatnam - Ranganatha Swami Krithis - Ranga Pura Vihara Brndavana - Saranga Ranganayakam Bhavaye - Nayaki Sri Ranganatham Upasmahe - Purna Chandrika Sri Ranganathaya Namaste - Dhanyasi Sri Bhargavi Badram - Mangala Kaishiki Narasimha Swami Krithis - Narasimha Agacchha - Mohana Sri Krishna Krithis - Nanda Gopala Mukunda - Khamas Santana Gopalam Upasmahe - Khamas Sri Krsnham Baja Manasa Satatam - Todi Sri Sundara Rajam Bhajeham - Kasi Soundara rajam ashraye - Brindavana saranga Chetah sri balakrishnam - Dwijavanthi Sri Lakshmi Krithis - Hari Yuvatim Hymavatim Aradhayami Satatam - Desi Simharavam Hiranmayim Lakshmim Sada Bhajami - Lalita Maha Lakshmi Karuna Rasa Lahari - Madhava Manohari Sri Bhargavi Bhadram Me Disatu - Mangala Kaisiki Sri Vara Lakshmi Namastubhyam - Sri Vara Lakshmim Bhajare Re Manasa - Sourashtra Saraswati Devi Krithis - Bharati mat-dishana-jadyapahe - Deva-manohari Kalavati Kamalasana-yuvati - Kalavati namo ! namaste ! girvani - Girvani Saraswati chaya-tarangini - Chaya-tarangini Saraswati Vidhi-yuvati - Hindolam Saraswatya bhagavatya samrakshitoham - Chaya-gaulam Sharavati-tata-vasini hamsini - Sharavati Shri Saraswati hitE - mAnji Shri Saraswati namostu ! te ! - Arabhi Vina-pustaka-dharinim ashraye - Toya-vegavahini
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carnatic