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Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavatar
Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavatar (15 November 1877 – 30 June 1945), commonly known as Muthiah Bhagavatar, is one of Carnatic classical music famous twentieth-century composers. He also created about 20 ragas. Muthiah was born on 15 November 1877, in Harikesanallur, a small village in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu in India, into an affluent family. He was exposed to music from a very early age, as his father was a patron of musicians. He lost his father at the young age of six years, and his maternal uncle M. Lakshmana Suri took over the responsibility for his education, initiating Muthiah into Sanskrit and Vedic studies. However, the love of music that had been implanted in him led Muthiah to leave his hometown of Harikesanallur, Tamil Nadu when he was only ten years in search of a teacher. He found the gifted teacher Padinaindumandapa Sambasiva Iyer at Tiruvarur, who recognised Muthiah"s talent for music. Sambasiva Iyer was the father of T.S Sabesa Iyer, a contemporary who also went on to win the prestigious Sangeetha Kalanidhi award from the Madras Music Academy. During the nine years he spent with Sambasiva Iyer, Muthiah cultivated this talent and made his name as a Harikata Vidhwan. His rich voice and excellent tanam singing made him one of the eras most highly coveted concert artists.
Awards and Recognitions :
Having impressed the Maharaja of Mysore, he was appointed court musician at Mysore. At Mysore he composed 115 kritis in Kannada in praise of Chamundi devi, the matron goddess of the Mysore dynasty. Later he was invited to the court of Travancore by the Maharaja Mulam Tirunal where he studied Swatitirunal kritis and wrote the book Sangeeta Kalpadruma, which won him an honorary doctorate. Muthiah Bhagavathar was the first President of the Annual Conference at the Madras Music Academy and was awarded the most prestigious award in Carnatic music, Sangeetha Kalanidhi title in 1930. He was conferred with an honorary doctorate by University of Kerala in 1942.
mAtE malaya-dhvaja pANDya-saNjAtI - khammaj
shrI rAja-mAthaNgi - Shuddha Dhanyas
shrI rAjarAjEshwari - Kapi
Sannuthangi shri Chamundeshwari - Vasantha
Ananda rUpaM haraM durdarshaM - vijayashrI
ambA vANi nannu AdarimpavE - kiraNAvaLi
aSTAdasha-supIThasthE - simhEndra madhyamam
dakSAdhvara-haraM shaHNkaraM - Surati
bhuvanEshwariya - mOhana kalyANi
gam gaNapatE namO namaH - hamsa dhwani
himagiri-tanayE hEma-latE - Shuddha dhanyAsi
rAja-rAjArAdhitE - Niroshta
shakti-gaNapatiM bhajEhaM - nATa
AryA dEvi amarEsha-nutE - sahAnA
siddhi-vinAyakaM sEvEhaM - mOhana kalyANi
sudhA-mayI sudhA-nidhE - amRta varSiNi
vijayAmbikE vimalAtmikE - vijaya nAgari
ratna-kaHNcuka-dhAriNi - Kambhoji
AdityaM dEvAdhi-dEvaM - mAyAmALavagowLa