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Periyasaamy Thooran

M. P. Periyasaamy Thooran (26 September 1908 – 20 January 1987) was a patriot, Tamil poet, teacher, and composer of Carnatic music. Periyasamy was born to K.A. Palanivelappa Gounder and Paavaathal on 26 September 1908 at Manjakattuvalasu, near Modakurichi, in the Erode district of India. He was greatly influenced and inspired by the firebrand poet and revolutionary Subramania Bharathiyar, and Mahatma Gandhi. As a university student, he published an underground monthly magazine called Pithan containing incendiary articles that spoke out against the erstwhile British administration, in support of the Indian Independence Movement. This magazine was printed by K. M. Ramaswamy Gounder MLA in Gobichettipalayam initially. He also wrote poems and short stories during this period, adopting the pen name Thooran. He declined to sit for the final Bachelor of Arts examination, in protest of the execution of Bhagat Singh. Periyasamy gained his Bachelor of Arts degree (in Mathematics with a Minor in Astronomy) and a L.T. (Licentiate in Teaching) later. Periyasamy"s background in Science would prove to be instrumental in helping him complete the Tamil Encyclopedia project, work on which began in 1947. He held that terms pertaining to science and technology were an integral part of the Tamil language. Contributions to Tamil literature : His songs were published in five volumes entitled "Isai Mani Manjari". Other publications include "Thooran Stories" (1962), "Nalla Nalla Paattu"(1965), "Call of the Wild" and "Bharati" for children, some of which were purchased by Tamil Isai Sangam. He was Chief Editor from 1948 to 1978 of the Tamil Encyclopedia which ran to ten volumes. The credit for bringing out the first-ever Children"s Encyclopaedia in Tamil in ten volumes goes to him. Works : Poetry : Ilanthamizha Minnal Poo Nilap Pinju Patti Paravaigal Short story collections : Thanga Changili Pillai Varam Maavilakku Kaalingarayan Kodai Urimaip Penn Thooran Ezhuthoviyangal Essays : Thein Chittu Poovin Sirippu Kaattu Vazhithanile Plays : Azhagu Mayakkam Ponniyin Thyagam Choozhchi Ilan Thuravi Aadhi Aththi Manak Kugai Kaadhalum Kadamaiyum Books on psychology : Kuzanthai Ullam Kuzanthai Manamum Athan Malarchiyum Thazhvu Manappanmai Adi Manam Manamum Adhan Villakamum Kumara Paruvam Book on embryology : Karuvil Valarum Kuzhandhai Books on genetics : Paarambariyam Petror Kodutha Perung Kodai Books for Children Songs : Aanaiyum Poonaiyum Nalla Nalla Pattu Mazhalai Amudham Animal and other stories : Natya Rani Jimmy Nila Paatti Olai Kili Thambiyin Thiramai Kadakkitti Mudakkitti Manjal Muttai Other stories : Maaya Kallan Soorap Puli Kollimalai Kullan Sangagiri Kottaiyin Marmam Tharangambody Thangappudhaiyal Aanaiyum Poonaiyum Science : Parakkum Manidhan Musical Compositions with Swara notationsAanaiyum Poonaiyum : Two Volumes published through Annamalai University containing 150 songs Isai Mani Malai Isai Mani Manjari Murugan Arul Mani Maalai Keerthanai Amudham Folk Songs : Katril Vandha Kavithai Translations from English to Tamil : Kanagathin Kural (Jack London"s Call of the Wild) Kadal Kadandha Natppu (Naomi Mitchison"s Judy and Lakshmi) Paravaigalaip Par (Jamal Aara"s Watching Binds) Editions : Bharathi Tamizh Thakurin Aimperum Katturaigal Published from palm-leaf manuscripts : Poet Kalamegam"s Chitra Mandal, with annotations and explanatory notes Vadivel Pillai"s Mohini Vilasam Avinashi Navalan"s Thingalur Nonndi Nadakam Books on Bharathi : Bharathi Noolagal Oru Thiranaivu Bharathiyarin Nagaichuvaiyum,Naiyaandiyum. Bharathiyum Ulagamum Bharathiyum Kadavulum Bharathiyum SamoogamumAanaiyum Poonaiyum Bharathiyum Thamizhagamum Bharathiyum Paattum Bharathiyum Paapaavum Bharathiyum Pennmaiyum*Kadakkitti Mudakkitti Bharathiyum Bharatha Desamum Compilation of Tamil Encyclopedia : General Encyclopedia, 10 Volumes Children"s Encyclopedia, 10 Volumes Honours and Titles : Padma Bhushan by President of India 1968 Isai Perarignar by Tamil Isai Sangam 1972 Kalaimamani by Tamil Nadu Iyal Isai Nataka Mandram 1970 Annamalai Chettiar Award by MAC Charities 1978