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Khumār Barabankvi (20 September 1919 – 19 February 1999) was an Urdu poet and lyricist from Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India. His real name was Mohammed Haider Khan, The word comes from the Arabic root "Khum" which means a jar of wine. His ghazal are sung by many famous singers such as Mehdi Hassan, Ghulam Ali, K. L. Saigal, Mohd Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Hussain Brother, Nizami Brother,and Jagjit Singh many other famous singer. Even Lata Mangeshkar recorded her first song was written by him . He was also known as Shahenshah-E-Ghazal and Abru-E-Ghazal. He got his work published as "Hadees-E-Deegaraan", "Aatish-E-Tar", "Raqs-E-Mai’, " Shab-E-Tab".
Lyrics and Bollywood :
In 1945 Khumar went to Bombay to attend a mushaira. Film Director A.R. Kardar and music director Naushad were both in attendance. They listened to Khumar"s poetry and were impressed by his ghazals. Kardar who was making "Shahjahan" with Naushad as music director, offered him to write few songs for his films and he agreed. Songs of "Shahjahan" film were written by Majrooh Sultanpuri and Khumar Barabankvi. Songs of both the writers became super hit. In Bollywood, singers like K.L.Sehgal, Mohd. Rafi, Talat Mehmood, Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt have given voice to his poetry. With his song "Chah Barbad Karegi Humein Maloom Na Tha" sung by Sehgal for film "Shahjahan" released in 1946, he gained fame and recognition in Bollywood. In 1949, he wrote "Tum Ho Jao Hamare" sung by Mohd Rafi, in "Roop Lekha" and "Hasrat Bhari Nazar Ko Tera Intezar" sung by Geeta Dutt and Zohra Khan in "Dil Ki Basti". In 1951 Lata Mangeshkar gave her melodious voice for his song "Loot Liya Mera Qarar" for film "Hulchal". All the songs of his film "Baradari" released in 1955 were hit. The songs "Bhula Nahin Dena Ji Bhula Nahin Dena" and "Tasveer Banata Hoon Tasveer Nahin Banti" became super hits.
His films include- "Shahjahan, Dil ki Basti, Roop Lekha, Adhi Raat, Meherbani, Halchal, Jawab, Rukhsana, Shahzada, Captain Sheroo, Mehfil, Mehndi, Qatil" and many others. Though he was a successful songwriter, he always preferred to attend mushairas than devoting time to write lyrics for films. Besides this, he was annoyed with the falling standards of poetry in films, so he kept himself away from Bollywood for quite long time. On the insistence of music director Naushad, he agreed to write songs for K. Asif"s - Love and God but soon after he quit film industry and settled in Barabanki.